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was delivered to the refectory from below by narrow stairs concealed in tht

thickness of the walls.

The building was radically altered in the XIX century. It was then that

the cellar's chamber was pulled down, the vault o f the refectory chambei

was destroyed, the windows were hewn wider and the parvis was rebuilt.

Restoration of the building began as early as 1908, but it has been complet-.

ed only recently. The vault o f the refectory, the original form o f the win

dows and «kokoshniki» were restored.

During reconstructions of the last century the church was transforms

into an altar and the iconostasis was put in the former refectory. It present

ed no artistic value and was dismantled during restoration.

One o f the best monuments of the monastery, the «К a z e


n a у a pa-

l a t a » (treasure chamber) which was in the past sometimes called «sushilo*!

by mistake, dates from the XVI century. The building presents a massive

two-storey structure under a gable roof located to the right o f the Holy

gates. Its facades were treated differently. The west wall which was included

in the monastery wall was pierced by small narrow windows resembling loop­

holes. The south facade windows are of a design quite common for that,

time, in the form of deep embrasures. The north facade fronting



cathedral and refectory chamber was more richly adorned. Its sparing but

expressive decor is similar to that of the refectory. The windows were adorned

with recessed arches, a cornice was formed at the summit with ordinary

brick consoles. The east wing of the building possessed only one storey, but

it has not reached us. Inside, both stories are roofed with vaults. They are

connec ted by a staircase running inside the wall. In the upper storey there is

a small separate chamber where they used to keep such important docu­

ments as the tzar's grant certificates and deeds o f purchase. The treasury

chambe r is one o f the best surviving secular buildings o f the XVI century.

The builders have given it with extremely sparing means a rare expressive­

ness and monumentality.

Two churches o f the middle of the XVII century have been preserved in

the monastery. One of them is t h e c h u r c h o f St . M a


t i n i a


built in 1640 over the tomb of the famous Father Superior. The chu rch is

crowned by a big stone «shatyor». The monument is strongly d istorted by

later alterations. Some traces of its original decoration can be seen on the

south facade. Among the more crude changes one can note the add ition of a

new parvis


the west side (a broad opening was made in the west wall of

the chu rch causing the destruction of an ancient portal), the cons truc tion of

a new polygonal apse instead o f the old semicircular one which had col­

lapsed in the end o f the XVIII century, and the enlargement of the windows.

During the construction o f the parvis the old stone plate recording the e rec­

tion o f the chu rch o f St. Martinian was transferred to its west wall. The

monumen t in its present state suffers from a certain dryness of detail.

The iconostasis of the church dates from the XIX century, it is rather

simple with some typical empire style motifs. There are many losses in its